Individual Reflections - Gregory Ooi

Pre-Camp Reflections:

What interests you about this project?
This isn't the project I chose, but I am gladly interested in the dwelling of the electron microscope is the main thing that I am looking forward to see.

What do you want to learn by doing this project?
I want to learn how to use the electron microscope and to apply it to my daily life usages.

What questions do you have about this project?
What are certain precautions needed to be taken into consideration before using the microscope.

What do you personally want to have achieved by the end of this project?
To be able to apply whatever knowledge I will learn to my daily life.


Plenary session by Prof. Kerry Sieh:

Earthquake Research on the Coral Reefs of Sumatra

Fielded in Geological Studies

Earthquakes can be studied through many methods like:
Studying the coral reefs’ growths
- Analyzing soil samples
- Observing the vegetation on the lands
- Using technology like GPS 

Layers of the earth:
-Analyzing and understanding the layers of the earth

Analyzing Earthquakes:
-Caused during a mega release of the two separate plates sliding 
pass each other(subduction zone)
- Predicting the outcome of an earthquake
- After effects of earthquakes
- Coral reefs are used as a rough guide-line to see how much the plate has risen after an earthquake.

Plenary session by Prof. Seah Hock Soon:


Fielded in Design and Media, Animation

- Drawing out of many frames, putting them together playing them back. 
- There are 3 types of animation: Stop motion, 2D animation and 3D animation.

Anime Clips/ Animation:
- A lot of effort is required in an animation, because after all, 24 frames needed per second. 

Plenary session by Prof. Ma Jan:

Innovative breakthrough in Nano-Science and Nano-Technology

Fielded in Material Science and Nano Technology

Material with ten times the strength of steel and only a small fraction of the weight:
- Carbon Nano-Tubes(CNT)

Shrinking all the Information housed at the Library of Congress into a device the size of a sugar cube:
- Quantum Dots(QD)

Detecting cancerous tumors when they are only a few cells in size
- Nano-particles

Nano particles in Nature
(Biomineralized flurapatite (Ca-fluorophosphate) gives unique mechanical properties, i.e. hardness, fracture strength and sharpness, to teeth.

History of Nanomaterials  
In 1963, Metal Nanoparticles were produced by gas evaporation method

- In 1984, the concepts of nanocrystals and nanostructures were put forward by Gleiter

- In 1990, atoms were moved the first time by SPM

Types of Nanomaterials

- Y2O3 (RF)
- Sm2O3 (RF)
- B4C (RF)
- ZnS (Sol Gel)
- Dy2O3 (UP)
- BaSO4
- GDC (Sol Gel)
- CeO2 (Hydrothermal)
- GDC (Co-ppt)
- Nano-Rings (EA)
- ITO (Sol Gel)
- YEu (Ppt)
- YAG: Ce (AGG)

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